Babies are so cute but very fragile and are susceptible to common skin conditions. As a parent, it can get worrisome when your child develops a skin condition you have no idea about. Many times, most of the skin infections babies get are so common and not life threatening but is always advisable to take your child to visit the doctor whenever a skin problem flairs up. Because babies skin are so sensitive, it is bound to break up in a rash and other skin infections. It takes about one year for your babies skin to get up to speed and function effectively. Here are 6 common skin conditions that affects babies and how to treat it when it does occur.
This is the most common skin infection babies suffer from. Because your baby's bum is extra sensitive and always moist, sitting in pee and poo is the perfect breeding ground for rash. What it looks like Pinkness or redness over a small or large area, dryness or peeling (scaling of the skin), dry raised bumps or fluid filled raised bumps. What to do Change your baby's diaper often and use petroleum Jelly or other skin barrier with zinc oxide to protect his bum. Remember to allow him/her to roll around naked sometimes to allow his bum to air out. This will help keep extrememe moisture at bay.
Intertrigo is a type of rash found mostly in chubby babies under 6 months old. It is usually found in the neck and attaches itself under a baby's skin folds. It is caused by moisture caused by excessive drooling and spit up. What It Looks Like It is red and raw and looks worse inside the skin creases. Depending on the amount of friction your baby gets, he/she might not even notice it is there. What To Do Be sure to wash underneath skin creases to avoid excessive moisture build up. Apply petroleum jelly or other cream barrier with zinc oxide to keep the area protected.
Eczema can appear anywhere on a baby's body starting starting at the tender age of around 3 or 4 months. It is a very itchy rash and is said that 20% of babies will develop this type of rash. What It Looks Like Eczema forms in dry and patchy areas on the skin. It may cause the skin to turn red, ooze pus and crust over. It is caused by different factors such as hot weather, cold weather or things such as soap or clothing that may irritate the skin. What To Do Try and use the gentlest detergent out there. Go for fragrance free ones. Be sure to keep your baby's skin moisturized at all times to avoid over drying. If it gets worse, be sure to visit a doctor to get professional advise.
Cradle cap, also scientifically known as infantile seborrheic dermatitis is a flaky dry skin condition that looks like dandruff, or thick, oily, yellowish or brown scaling or crusting patches. It can appear in your baby's scalp, around ears, eyebrows, armpits, eyelids and in some other creases. It appears in the beginning of your baby's life and disappears in the next 6-12 months. The cause of cradle cap is unknown but some doctors speculate it is caused by hormones the child receives from his mother towards the end of pregnancy over stimulates the seborrheic glands causing cradle cap which sometimes leads to hair loss. What It Looks Like Flaky dry skin or yellowish crusty patches on scalp. It is not contagious and won't bother your baby if it is mild but it might get itchy if it does get severe. What To Do You can purchase shampoos specifically catered to treating cradle cap. Be sure to shampoo your babies hair more frequently. For other areas, be sure to keep it moisturized frequently to keep it from drying out.
Prickly heat, also known as miliaria is a common skin infection that affects babies. They appear as tiny red bumps and can affect the face, neck, bottom or back. Caused by extreme heat conditions or putting him/her in layers of clothing, prickly heat easily flares up because babies skin do not regulate heat very well and are not fully developed. Prickly heat can also occur in the winter caused by blocked sweat glands. What It Looks Like Tiny red spots or bumps surrounded by an area of red skin. What To Do Dress your baby in light and loose clothing in warmer weather and keep your babies skin cool. Use Calamine lotion (available at your nearest pharmacist) to help sooth the irritated skin. Did your little one suffer from any of these skin infections? Tell us more in the comment section below.